until the time of reformation--Greek, "the season of rectification," when the reality should supersede the type ( Hebrews 8:8-12 ). Hebrews 2:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 2:9, NIV: "But we do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone." But those purified by Christ's blood in living faith do serve ( Romans 12:1 ), and shall more fully serve God ( Revelation 22:3 ). Paul implies that His one sacrifice, by its matchless excellency, is equivalent to the Levitical many sacrifices. Greek, "And, moreover, in like manner." Compare Exodus 24:8 (covenant), which Christ quotes, though it is probable He included in a sense "testament" also under the Greek word diathece (comprehending both meanings, "covenant" and "testament"), as this designation strictly and properly applies to the new dispensation, and is rightly applicable to the old also, not in itself, but when viewed as typifying the new, which is properly a testament. So in Luke 22:29 , "I appoint (by testamentary disposition; the cognate Greek verb diatithemai) unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me." (A)2 A tabernacle(B)was set up. conscience--moral religious consciousness. made--built and furnished. redemption of . Others, also, explaining the Greek as "covenant," consider that the death of the sacrificial victim represented in all covenants the death of both parties as unalterably bound to the covenant. The word "appointed" (so Hebrew "seth" means) in the case of man, answers to "anointed" in the case of Jesus; therefore "the Christ," that is, the anointed, is the title here given designedly. The thought of the former verses has been, “He chastens as a lather.”. Resumption more fully of the thought, "He entered in once into the holy place," Hebrews 9:12 . God never said that he would be the Father of an *angel. In the outer holy place: so the Eucharist continues until our entrance into the heavenly Holy of Holies ( 1 Corinthians 11:26 ). dedicated--"inaugurated." Not bearing the sin of many on Him as at His first coming (even then there was no sin in Him). This passage contains a couple of points to help us understand why Jesus Christ's death took place late on the afternoon of Abib 14, while the Passover was commanded to be observed at the beginning of that day. The two, or possibly more, entrances on that one day were regarded as parts of the one whole. Scarlet or crimson, resembling blood: it was thought to be a peculiarly deep, fast dye, whence it typified sin Jesus wore a scarlet robe, the emblem of the deep-dyed sins He bore on Him, though He had none in Him. . The Old Testament economy is represented by the holy place, the New Testament economy by the Holy of Holies. A few believers, under the Divine teaching, saw something of the way of access to God, of communion with him, and of admission into heaven through the promised Redeemer, but the Israelites in general looked no further than the outward forms. Hebrews 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. The description of the Ark of the Covenant is something that most people don’t have a clue about as to its significance, what was contained in the ark, and the … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 9:11-14" Compare Exodus 24:3 , "Moses told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the judgments; and all the people answered with one voice," &c. the blood of calves--Greek, "the calves," namely, those sacrificed by the "young men" whom he sent to do so ( Exodus 24:5 ). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But in order to obtain the inheritance which is a reality, there must be a real propitiation, since God could not enter into covenant relation with us so long as past sins were unexpiated; Romans 3:24 Romans 3:25 , "a propitiation . candlestick . At His second coming He shall have no more to do with sin. Hebrews 4:9. 18. service--worship. ashes of an heifer--( Numbers 19:16-18 ). good things to come--Greek, "the good things to come," Hebrews 10:1 ; "better promises," ( Hebrews 8:6 ; the "eternal inheritance," Hebrews 9:15 , 1 Peter 1:4 ; the "things hoped for," Hebrews 11:1 ). The access of Christ to the Father was arduous ( Hebrews 5:7 ). shedding of blood--shed in the slaughter of the victim, and poured out at the altar subsequently. But the expression that there was nothing THEN therein save the two tables, leaves the inference to be drawn that formerly there were the other things mentioned by the Rabbis and by Paul here, the pot of manna (the memorial of God's providential care of Israel) and the rod of Aaron, the memorial of the lawful priesthood ( Numbers 17:3 Numbers 17:5 Numbers 17:7 Numbers 17:10 ). In the old dispensation the condition to be fulfilled on the people's part is implied in the words, Exodus 24:8 , "(Lord made with you) concerning all these words." 19. The intermediate state is a state of joyous, or else agonizing and fearful, expectation of "judgment"; after the judgment comes the full and final state of joy, or else woe. 23. patterns--"the suggestive representations"; the typical copies things in the heavens--the heavenly tabernacle and the things therein. They are there distinguished from the angels, and associated with the elders. Gospel times are, and should be, times of reformation, of clearer light as to all things needful to be known, and of greater love, causing us to bear ill-will to none, but good-will to all. now--as the case is, once--for all; without need of renewal. The author of Hebrews usually uses this term (hagia) with the ARTICLE (cf. Moses, by the term "covenant," does not mean aught save one concerning giving the heavenly inheritance typified by Canaan after the death of the Testator, which he represented by the sprinkling of blood. Therefore, it is discussed here in connection with the holy place, along with the candlestick, and the table of showbread. In 1 Kings 6:22 , Hebrew, "the altar" is said to belong to the oracle, or holiest place (compare Exodus 30:6 ). 1. BENGEL and LACHMANN read with an interrogation, "Since, is it ever in force (surely not) while the testator liveth?". Man's works before justification, however lifelike they look, are dead, and cannot therefore be accepted before the living God. The use made of the sanctuary so furnished by the high priest on the anniversary of atonement. In Matthew 26:28 two other requisites appear: witnesses, the disciples; and a seal, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the sign of His blood wherewith the testament is primarily sealed. tabernacle" (of which we know) [ALFORD]. The typical meaning of these things has been shown in former remarks, and the ordinances and articles of the Mosaic covenant point out Christ as our Light, and as the Bread of life to our souls; and remind us of his Divine Person, his holy priesthood, perfect righteousness, and all-prevailing intercession. manna--an omer, each man's daily portion. 9 Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and m an earthly place of holiness. Properly used of remitting a debt ( Matthew 6:12 , Matthew 18:27 Matthew 18:32 ); our sins are debts. John 1:29 , "Behold the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin (not merely the sins: singular, not plural) of the world." . The apostle shows to the Hebrews the typical reference of their ceremonies to Christ. His glorified body, as the meeting place of God and all Christ's redeemed, and the angels, answers to the heavens through which He passed, and passes. put away--abolish; doing away sin's power as well by delivering men from its guilt and penalty, so that it should be powerless to condemn men, as also from its yoke, so that they shall at last sin no more. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Hebrews 9:11-14 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Besides the goat offered for the people the blood of which was sprinkled before the mercy seat, the high priest led forth a second goat, namely, the scapegoat; over it he confessed the people's sins, putting them on the head of the goat, which was sent as the sin-bearer into the wilderness out of sight, implying that the atonement effected by the goat sin offering (of which the ceremony of the scapegoat is a part, and not distinct from the sin offering) consisted in the transfer of the people's sins on the goat, and their consequent removal out of sight. scarlet wool, and hyssop--ordinarily used for purification. Nothing could be clean to a sinner, not even his religious duties; except as his guilt was done away by the death of a sacrifice, of value sufficient for that end, and unless he continually depended upon it. It was Christ's offering himself without any sinful stain in his nature or life. It was the center of Jewish worship under the old covenant. having obtained--having thereby obtained; literally, "found for Himself," as a thing of insuperable difficulty to all save Divine Omnipotence, self-devoting zeal, and love, to find. 6. . So justification is followed by renewing. Greek: kai teleiotheis egeneto pasin toi s hupakouousin auto aitios soterias aioniou,. Commentary Read Hebrews 9:1-5 Verse 1-5 — The apostle shows to the Hebrews the typical reference of their ceremonies to Christ. ", 3. Hebrews 9 Commentary; Hebrews 10 Commentary; Hebrews 11 Commentary; Hebrews 12 Commentary; Hebrews 13 Commentary; ALBERT BARNES Hebrews Commentary Notes on the New Testament. Hebrews 9:1-28 . The need of death before the testamentary appointment takes effect, holds good in Christ's relation as MAN to us; Of course not in God's relation to Christ. The Greek, "itself," distinguishes the book itself from the "precepts" in it which he "spake.". after--behind; within. The depth of the mystery of the sacrifice of Christ, we cannot dive into, the height we cannot comprehend. Also, it is "death," not "sacrifice" or "slaying." For His blood, offered by Himself, purifies not only outwardly, as the Levitical sacrifices on the day of atonement, but inwardly unto the service of the living God ( Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). But He from eternity, with His divine and everlasting Spirit, concurred with the Father's will of redemption by Him. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, could not enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; and none of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here, or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus. . 12. At the moment that His death took place, the necessary effect is, "the called receive the (fulfilment of the) promise" (so Luke 24:49 uses "promise"; Hebrews 6:15 , Acts 1:4 ); that moment divides the Old from the New Testament. The expressions "before the Lord" ( Exodus 16:32 ), and "before the testimony" ( Numbers 17:10 ) thus mean, "IN the ark." He wants a new covenant with the “house of Israel”. Modern Jews substitute in some places a cock for the goat as an expiation, the sins of the offerers being transferred to the entrails, and exposed on the housetop for the birds to carry out of sight, as the scapegoat did; the Hebrew for "man" and "cock" being similar, gebher [BUXTORF]. See ALFORD'S excellent Note. imposed--as a burden ( Acts 15:10 Acts 15:28 ) continually pressing heavy. His offering began on the altar of the cross, and was completed in His entering the holiest place with His blood. It, though but one, is manifold in its effects and applicability to many. . He has in Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 , expanded the words "by his own blood," Hebrews 9:12 ; and in Hebrews 9:15-23 , he has enlarged on "an High Priest of good things to come." the book--namely, out of which he had read "every precept": the book of the testament or covenant. These could not take away the defilement or dominion of sin. Heb. Argument from the less to the greater. The tabernacle and its contents needed purification ( 2 Chronicles 29:21 ). purge--purify from fear, guilt, alienation from Him, and selfishness, the source of dead works ( Hebrews 9:22 Hebrews 9:23 ). Amplified: And, [His completed experience] making Him perfectly [equipped], He became the Author and Source of eternal salvation to all those who give heed and obey Him … Hebrews 9:19-26. the promise--to Abraham. It is true the heir is ordinarily the successor of him who dies and so ceases to have the possession. 20. He entered within the veil on that day twice at least. could not--Greek, "cannot": are not able. Plainly, the death is supposed to be past (aorist, "made"); and the fact of the death is brought (Greek) before court to give effect to the will. They might have known, as the law was clearly promulged, and they were bound to study it; so that their ignorance was culpable (compare Acts 3:17 , Ephesians 4:18 , 1 Peter 1:14 ). without--Greek, "apart from." mediating victim"; the masculine is used of the victim personified, and regarded as mediator of the covenant; especially as in the new covenant a MAN (Christ) took the place of the victim. The sprinkling of the tabernacle with blood is added by inspiration here to the account in Exodus 30:25-30 , Exodus 40:9 Exodus 40:10 , which mentions only Moses' anointing the tabernacle and its vessels. . The Hyssopus officinalis grows on walls, with small lancet-formed woolly leaves, an inch long, with blue and white flowers, and a knotty stalk about a foot high. The translation of sins on the victim usual in other expiatory sacrifices being omitted in the case of the slain goat, but employed in the case of the goat sent away, proved the two goats were regarded as one offering [ARCHBISHOP MAGEE]. goats . 3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; mercy seat--Greek, "the propitiatory": the golden cover of the ark, on which was sprinkled the blood of the propitiatory sacrifice on the day of atonement; the footstool of Jehovah, the meeting place of Him and His people. The expression "which had," does not mean that the golden censer was deposited there, for in that case the high priest would have had to go in and bring it out before burning incense in it; but that the golden censer was one of the articles belonging to, and used for, the yearly service in the holiest place. He was offered by the Father, His own "eternal Spirit" ( Hebrews 9:14 ) concurring; as Abraham spared not Isaac, but offered him, the son himself unresistingly submitting to the father's will ( Genesis 22:1-24 ). They can only reach as far as the outward flesh (compare "carnal ordinances," Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). [This is Week 4 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] Thus, Matthew 26:28 may be translated, "Blood of the covenant"; for a testament does not require blood shedding. The offering of Christ was a thing once done that it might be thought of for ever (compare Note, in the end of the world--Greek, "at the consummation of the ages"; the winding up of all the previous ages from the foundation of the world; to be followed by a new age ( Hebrews 1:1 Hebrews 1:2 ). dead works--All works done in the natural state, which is a state of sin, are dead; for they come not from living faith in, and love to, "the living God" ( Hebrews 11:6 ). Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary on Hebrews 10:1: Compare ch. blood of others--not his own, as Christ did. "The uncreated heaven of God, though in itself Untroubled light, yet needed a purification in so far as the light of love was obscured by the fire of wrath against sinful man" [DELITZSCH in ALFORD]. The Greek negative, "ou po," would deny the fact objectively; "me po" denies the thing subjectively. 8. THOLUCK explains, as elsewhere, "covenant . Verses 11-13 describe their immature state; verse 14 shows them what they should be; and 6:1-3 tells them how to get there. In both dispensations the inheritance was bequeathed: in the new by One who has come in person and died; in the old by the same one, only typically and ceremonially present. . For--confirming the general truth, Hebrews 9:16 . Therefore there remains (still unrealized in any rest that Israel then enjoyed) a sacred rest, a Sabbath-rest (the word is now changed), for the people of God. Though one's ignorance may mitigate one's punishment ( Luke 12:48 ), it does not wholly exempt from punishment. All, by sin, were become guilty before God, had forfeited every thing that is good; but God, willing to show the greatness of his mercy, proclaimed a covenant of grace. As she was slain without the camp, so Christ (compare Hebrews 13:11 , Numbers 19:3 Numbers 19:4 ). Christ--The Messiah, of whom all the prophets foretold; not "Jesus" here. The wool was also a symbol of purity ( Isaiah 1:18 ). The tabernacle was a movable temple, shadowing forth the unsettled state of the church upon earth, and the human nature of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom the fulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily. . The last age, beyond which no further age is to be expected before Christ's speedy second coming, which is the complement of the first coming; literally, "the ends of the ages"; Matthew 28:20 is literally, "the consummation of the age," or world (singular; not as here, plural, ages). He is the representative man; and there is a strict correspondence between the history of man and that of the Son of man. 21. The Shekinah, or cloud of glory, in which Jehovah appeared between the cherubim over the mercy seat, the lid of the ark, is doubtless the reference. . The Levitical priests must therefore retire. appear--rather, as Greek, "be seen." His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past." In Hebrews 9:2-5 , "the worldly sanctuary" is discussed; in Hebrews 9:6 , &c., the "ordinances of worship." He "through the eternal Spirit," that is, His divine Spirit ( Romans 1:4 , in contrast to His "flesh," Hebrews 9:3 ; His Godhead, 1 Timothy 3:16 , 1 Peter 3:18 ), "His inner personality" [ALFORD], which gave a free consent to the act, offered Himself. PHILO [The Creation of the World, p. 637], shows that the high priest of the Hebrews offered sacrifices for the whole human race. But, in Hebrews 9:24 , it is "to present Himself," namely, before God in the heavenly sanctuary; in Hebrews 9:26 , "been manifested" on earth. But--in contrast to "could not make . The Vulgate, however, supports English Version reading. Study Hints for Discussion and Thinking Further discusses Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further to help with class preparation and in We have greater freedom, both of spirit and speech, in the gospel, and greater obligations to a more holy living. Hence is their continual prayer as the fruit and expression of their faith, Even so come, Lord Jesus. The Greek for "not yet" (me po) refers to the mind of the Spirit: the Spirit intimating that men should not think the way was yet opened [TITTMANN]. Material, outward, perishing (however precious its materials were), and also defective religiously. a tabernacle--"the tabernacle." Compare "the fulness of times," Ephesians 1:10 . Week 4 (Aug. 30, 2015) Preaching text: Hebrews 9:1-14 This is a passage where thinking visually is essential. Compare Hebrews 9:11 Hebrews 9:12 , "not of this building," Hebrews 9:24 . once--"once for all." But in this case Christ comes to life again, and is Himself (including all that He hath), in the power of His now endless life, His people's inheritance; in His being Heir ( Hebrews 1:2 ), they are heirs. It should not be confusing that the golden altar of incense is said to pertain to the Holy of Holies (Hebrews 9:4), because, situated as it was, so near to the entrance through the veil, it did indeed pertain to the most holy place of all, but it was not located within the holiest place but without in the holy place. went--Greek, "enter": present tense. Chapter 9. The table of shittim wood, covered with gold, was for the showbread ( Exodus 25:23-30 ). A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. . living God--therefore requiring living spiritual service ( John 4:24 ). As no wisdom, learning, virtue, wealth, or power, can keep one of the human race from death, so nothing can deliver a sinner from being condemned at the day of judgment, except the atoning sacrifice of Christ; nor will one be saved from eternal punishment who despises or neglects this great salvation. . appeared--Greek, "been manifested" on earth ( 1 Timothy 3:16 , 1 Peter 1:20 ). 10. We must plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for us in heaven. In 1 Kings 8:9 , 2 Chronicles 5:10 , it is said there was nothing in the ark of Solomon's temple save the two stone tables of the law put in by Moses. 2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. Paul is contrasting the First Covenant with the Second or New Covenant. second veil--There were two veils or curtains, one before the Holy of Holies (catapetasma), here alluded to, the other before the tabernacle door (calumma). sin--singular number; all the sins of men of every age are regarded as one mass laid on Christ. His oblation of Himself before God was once for all (that is, the bringing in of His blood into the heavenly Holy of Holies), and therefore the preliminary suffering was once for all. The Holy Ghost further signified and showed that the Old Testament sacrifices only freed the outward man from ceremonial uncleanness, and fitted him for some outward privileges. The eternity and infinitude of His divine Spirit (compare Hebrews 7:16 ) gives eternal ("eternal redemption," Hebrews 9:12 , also compare Hebrews 9:15 ) and infinite merit to His offering, so that not even the infinite justice of God has any exception to take against it. The candlestick consisted of a shaft and six branches of gold, seven in all, the bowls made like almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch. Hence BENGEL translates, "And (having taken) the book itself (so Exodus 24:7 ), he both sprinkled all the people, and ( Hebrews 9:21 ) moreover sprinkled the tabernacle." . From whom the "reformation" ( Hebrews 9:10 ), or rectification, emanates, which frees from the yoke of carnal ordinances, and which is being realized gradually now, and shall be perfectly in the consummation of "the age (world) to come." 15. for this cause--Because of the all-cleansing power of His blood, this fits Him to be Mediator ( Hebrews 8:6 , ensuring to both parties, God and us, the ratification) of the new covenant, which secures both forgiveness for the sins not covered by the former imperfect covenant or testament, and also an eternal inheritance to the called. 3:20 he says, `` ready to vanish away. the cross, he is pleading it for remission. 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