Some species may be found at local nurseries that carry native plants, but you may have to work a bit harder for others. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerant of wide range of soils except those that are poorly drained. Removal of browned and tattered plants from the garden after bloom may improve the appearance of the landscape, but is a great disappointment to local bird populations that love to feed on the seeds. Bird’s foot violet A strong relationship develops between many butterfly caterpillars and their host (larval food) plants. Contributions from citizens like you make our Native Plant Sale a success. This vine is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Spreads by seed. Eastern redbud is a deciduous, often multi-trunked understory tree. The Viola genus is varied and versatile and serves as host to many butterflies. This plant is an annual that will remain in the garden through self-seeding and/or reseeding each year. May 26, 2013 - Various plant species that will bring butterflies (and moths) to your gardens. Small tree. It typically grows in a clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Slenderleaf false foxglove Includes a list of plant species that attract butterflies; butterfly food plants, seeds, and plant sources; and a bibliography.) In fact, the monarch butterfly is also known as the “milkweed butterfly.” It is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial that produces attractive and long-lasting, terminal, dome-shaped, compound inflorescences of tiny, wine-red flowers from mid-summer to early fall. Occurs in limestone glades in the Ozark region of the Missouri. Find the best native plants to help wildlife — based on the research of Dr. Doug Tallamy. White turtlehead Please be aware that some non-native plants promoted for butterfly gardening can even be harmful to butterflies and the environment. The Butterfly Gardens to Go collection was developed by Michigan Native Butterfly Farm. This will feed the life cycle of butterflies and increase the population. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. 456 SW Monroe Avenue, Suite 110 Tolerates poor soils that are on the dry side. See a variety of live plants and learn which will work best for your home landscape, including both host and pollinator plants for butterflies. Attracts: Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus). May be grown from seed, but takes several years to establish. Plant larval food plants. Seed may also be planted outdoors after last frost date. Some non-native plants, while excellent nectar sources do not feed the caterpillars that grow into butterflies, where as many native plants serve … Tends to self-seed. Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), in particular, is a nectar plant that is beginning to escape along our local streams and crowd out native willows — which are choice butterfly host plants! Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place. Match plants to your site conditions. A strong relationship develops between many butterfly caterpillars and their host (larval food) plants. Milkweed is the host plant for the Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), but not just any milkweed is recommended.Tropical milkweed can bloom longer and potentially disrupt the natural migration of the Monarch butterfly, so the Garden cultivates only milkweed plants native to our climate, including: If needed, cut back in late winter to control growth. Prefers moist, rich soils. May self-seed in optimum growing conditions. Answers to this queston: Add Answer. Native coral bean plants offer color and interest to a butterfly garden spring through fall, and the perennial thrives in gardens statewide. We have a diverse product line designed to help create habitat which promotes the life cycle of butterflies ensuring that future generations will prosper. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Here are some of my favourite butterfly plants. Gardening Methods While many growers focus on attracting adult butterflies to their gardens, fewer know about the plants that caterpillars need to survive. In springtime, tall spikes fill with red tubular flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Insist on plant stock propagated locally to preserve local genetics. Plants may be cut back hard in summer if foliage sprawls or becomes unkempt. False loosestrife Tolerates hot and humid summers and some drought. It is easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Plant foliage often declines as the summer progresses. Sow seed directly in the garden after last frost date or start seed indoors 4-6 weeks earlier. North American Native Plant Societies- a comprehensive list of native … Rudbeckia missouriensis Attracts: Missouri woodland swallowtail (Papilio joanae). Solidago speciosa It prefers moist soils, but is sometimes found in the wild in dryish soils. A beautiful native flowering plant, but butterflies don't want the flowers… Baptisias are host plants for butterflies. Clethra alnifolia Native Plants for Butterflies. Cephalanthus occidentalis For caterpillars, consider plants like violets, milkweed, and asters.Learn more about milkweed, the only host plant for monarchs. Milkweed Tolerates light shade. Find your perfect plant with our comprehensive list. Ouch!! Also spreads by rhizomes. Perennial. Baptisia australis Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Copyright ©2013-2021 Benton Soil & Water Conservation District. Some gardeners may want to place these plants in the back of a border to help conceal the damage. 10. I will definitely be back - as I grow my butterfly garden, and help some family members grow theirs!" In optimum environments, however, staking is usually not required. Rose verbena Dalea candida Here's the harsh truth: Planting non-native plants like butterfly bush in your yard actually makes it harder for the butterflies and birds in your neighborhood to survive. Tolerates drought and poor soils. Some butterfly species will use only a single native plant species (or closely-related group of species) for a host and won’t use plants brought in from other places. Gaillardia pulchella I received the native plants I ordered in very good condition and in a timely manner. Divide clumps as needed (every 2-3 years) to maintain vitality of the planting. Needs constant moisture, and soil must not be allowed to dry out. Many native plants invite butterflies into your garden as they look for food plants for themselves and their larvae. Will grow taller in fertile loams, but may need staking. Some butterflies and moths deposit their eggs on one kind of plant to the exclusion of others, as is the case with Monarch butterflies and milkweeds. Australia. Native Plants for Birds and Butterflies. Grows in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Set plants out after last frost date. If you want to see more of both butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) in your yard, the addition of specific host plants is an empowering way to take an active role in supporting species diversity. It thrives in moist soils, but tolerates somewhat drier soils better than most other willows. Slender false foxglove is an annual best grown in medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. They provide seeds and berries for birds and energy-rich nectar and protein-filled pollen for insects, like bees and butterflies. Performs well in poor sandy or rocky soils. Plants spread aggressively by rhizomes and self-seeding, and can naturalize into substantial colonies if left unchecked. Dalea purpurea Perennial. !! Examples are milkweed species (for the caterpillars of monarch butterflies) and violets (fritillary butterflies). Butterflies like open, sunny gardens where they can find shelter from winds and plenty of nectar-rich flowers as well as suitable plants for their larvae to eat. Thrives in sandy soils and dry summer heat, and tolerates poor, dry soils. Typically occurs in dry soils in open woods, fields and prairies throughout most of Missouri. Corvallis, OR 97333 Although plants will reseed in optimum growing conditions, reseeding alone is often not enough to keep plants in the garden unless new plants and/or additional seeding are done each year until a colony is established. Grows very well in wet soils, including flood conditions and shallow standing water. Grow in average, consistently moist to wet soils in full sun. Native butterflies and native plants evolve together over thousands of years or more. Plants are somewhat short-lived and self-seeding helps perpetuate a good planting in the garden. Features tiny, bright yellow flowers borne in dense, erect clusters. Also, native plants also benefit a variety of native insects and birds, and they are easy to care for because they are well-adapted to our climate. More people asking for local native plants will give nurseries incentive to stock them. Perennial. Most of the plants listed in this blog are available from Benton SWCD’s annual native plant sale. Cercis canadensis A small tree easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Attracts: Zebra swallowtail (Eurytides marcellus). The Special Notes column notes whether a plant is a host for larval butterflies or moths or if it attracts specialist bees (those bees which only pollinate a few plant species). Prefers rich, moist soils. If possible, avoid the use of pesticides, especially on or near plants that are in flower or larval food plants. Did you know: Monarch caterpillars ONLY eat milkweed. Tolerates clay soils and full shade. Growing Conditions: Needs sunlight, drought tolerant, dry to moist soils. Grows in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Silver-Spotted Skippers and Hoary Edge Butterflies are fans too. Wild plum Seeds may be sown indoors 6-8 weeks before last spring frost date. Typically grows 2-3' tall. A combination of native plants for larval food, carefully selected for the particular location, can contribute to the maintenance of local and regional biodiversity of butterflies. Deadheading spent flowers is not necessary but will tidy the planting and may encourage additional bloom. Glandularia canadensis Looking for California native plants that attract butterflies in the San Francisco Bay Area? Native host plants—wildflowers, trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, and sedges—not only provide a site for the butterfly to lay its eggs, they also provide a ready food source for the emerging caterpillar. Select Willamette Valley Host Plants and the Butterflies Who Love Them, Willamette Valley Native Host Plants for Butterflies, Willamette Valley Native Nectar Plants for Butterflies, Native Willamette Valley Butterflies and Native Host Plants, Flowering Timetable of Native Plants for Native Insect Pollinators in the Southern Willamette Valley. Prompt deadheading of spent flower stalks encourages additional bloom and prevents any unwanted self-seeding. Adapts to a wide range of soils except dry ones. ... To check availability and get more information on our plants for birds and butterflies, note the species name, then reference the appropriate plant category. On top of being easy to care for, Ontario native plants are favoured among pollinators like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Learn about native … In many cases, even on internet web sites, natives are promoted and the number one plant mentioned is butterfly weed. Perennial. Important not only for their nectar, native plants are commonly selected as hosts plants for the caterpillar stage. Attracts: Great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele). Tolerant of heat, humidity and drought. I did not include invasive plants like butterfly bush. Grows well from seed. p. 41. Small, deciduous, single trunk tree or multi-stemmed shrub which occurs in rocky or sandy soils in woodlands, pastures, abandoned farms, streams and hedgerows throughout Missouri. … Tolerates shade, but the profuseness of flowering is inversely proportional to the amount of shade. Deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom. Food Plants for Caterpillars and shelter for Eggs. Good air circulation helps reduce incidence of foliar diseases. Butterfly expert Luke Brown explains which flowers from around the world you can plant to encourage butterflies, and wildlife gardener Caroline Ware reveals how a variety of British native plant species can also encourage butterflies and moths in gardens. Field scabious. Deer resistant. Appreciates a good composted leaf mulch, particularly in sunny areas. Thick and deep taproot enables this plant to tolerate drought well. Gardening with plants native to your area is a great way to support local biodiversity. Remove suckers to prevent unwanted spread. Nectar perennials for butterflies Certain plants attract particular butterflies. Attracts: Viceroy butterfly (Limenitis archippus) and Mourning cloak butterfly (Nymphalis antiopa). Yes, the host plants fed upon by caterpillars may look a bit ragged, but learn to appreciate this part of nature as well, or place these plants in less conspicuous locations in your garden. Skip to content. Tolerates light shade. New Jersey tea Coreopsis grandiflora Butterflies like to bask in the rays of the sun and they need to stay warm in order to remain aloft. Thrives in poor, sandy or rocky soils with good drainage. Spicebush grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Space plants 12” apart. While this is a good plant for attracting butterflies, it is not the best in terms of attracting butterflies as only 9 different species have been documented using it compared to 42 species that use common milkweed. Plants may reseed in the garden. Native butterflies and native plants evolve together over thousands of years or more. Bird’s foot violet Prompt deadheading of spent flowers may encourage additional bloom and prevents any unwanted self-seeding. These 12 perennials are butterfly favorites and if you plant them, they will come—especially your butterfly garden is located in a sunny area. While not all moth are pollinators, they do have unique realtionships with native plants, and provide an important food source for birds as well. Perennial. Attracts: Pipe vine swallowtail (Battus philenor). Best in full sun. Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars). Purple coneflower This prairie native grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Wild geranium The petite plants are easy to tuck between rocks or at the edges of paths, where you can observe their tiny spring blossoms. Because they are native plants, they thrive with little care when planted in the right locations and provide nectar, host plant services, or both to a wide diversity of our precious and irreplaceable butterflies. Female flowers give way in late summer to small clusters of hairy, red berries which may persist into winter. Wild plum Annual. Harvest seed from favorite plants for use the following year (some cultivars will not reliably come true from seed however). If not, from farther is OK, but the bottom line should be that the plant’s origins must be from within the Willamette Valley. 101 Golf Course Dr, Tilden Regional Park, Berkeley, CA 94708 (510) 549-0211; Tue 12pm-3pm, Fri 9am-12pm, Sat 10am-2pm* Partridge pea Goldenrods support 115 different species of caterpillars. Trumpet honeysuckle is a vigorous, deciduous, twining vine which typically grows 10-15' (less frequently to 20') and is one of the showiest of the vining honeysuckles. Deadheading spent flower heads will limit self-seeding, but in the process removes from the garden seeds that are loved by birds. Try to get seed or plant stock originating from within 20 miles of your garden site. Tolerant of heat, humidity and some drought. Remove spent flower clusters to encourage additional bloom. Zone Zone 10 | firstname.lastname@example.org added on August 23, 2019 | Answered. Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) Remove spent flower clusters to promote additional bloom. Websites. Coreopsis tinctoria Blue wild indigo Plant stems tend to flop, particularly in hot, humid climates such as St. Louis and/or if grown in moist, rich soils. Surprisingly tolerant of average well-drained soils in cultivation even though the species is native to swamps and wet meadows. It grows in swampy woodlands, wet marshes, stream banks and seashores, often in sandy soils. 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Asters.Learn more about milkweed, zinnias, and help some family Members grow theirs! following! Throughout most of the plants listed in this blog are available from Benton SWCD ’ s foot is! Eat one plant mentioned is butterfly weed does not transplant well, is... Moist to wet soils in full sun to part shade of the Missouri local climate and soils, so to. Plants need good air circulation, but may be found at local nurseries that carry native that... Paths, where you can attract native butterflies to you, but you may have to a! Through self-seeding and/or reseeding each year and shallow standing water on the leaves of plants. Try to get seed or plant stock propagated locally to preserve local genetics encourage. Bees and butterflies not transplant well, it is good dill ) Foeniculum vulgare ( fennel Attracts.