Doi in your reference list entry: Always use the DOI if available (for print or online articles and books). According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition), for ideas that need to be enumerated in a specific order, such as steps in a procedure or to indicate importance, use Arabic numerals followed by a period for each point: 3. Speaker: Vertical lists can be created with either numbers or bullet-points, and each format has particular rules. If the information extends to a second line, begin it under the text of the previous line. You may also indent these lists, but this is not mandatory. Decide if you would prefer to present the materials in a list form or within the text of a paragraph. Numbered lists fall under the “Headings and Seriation” APA guidelines according to the sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.". Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. on the reference list in the Writing Center handout about numbered references entitled “The Reference List.” Use a lettered list if you want to emphasize separate parallel items within a sentence. [The citation indicates that the method was described on page 885 of reference number 2 (Israel et al.) The basic structure is: Journal Article Examples: Mitchell, J.A. The parenthetical citation is at the end of the last sentence, after the punctuation. APA 7 indicates that vertical, numbered lists are used with complete sentences or paragraphs. The APA 6th Style manual specifies the following for the reference list. As with a bulleted list, each element should start on a new line. by Timothy McAdoo. Slide 6. The American Psychological Association style is widely used and accepted for academic writing in the sciences and social sciences. quoted or paraphrased properly. Numbered lists can give a sense of order for the items, and this implied process is eliminated with the use of bulleted lists. Add a comma and the page number(s) of the source. This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition. (2017). One way to write a list in MLA format is to keep it within your sentence. Include a page header (also known as the “running head”) at the top of every page. By virtue of their formatting, numbered lists stand out from the regular text … To determine whether you should use a numbered list or bullets, think about whether or not the order of the items matters. When writing a list in APA format, use numbers with a period and one space before starting the sentence. Reference List: Basic Rules. This will automatically indent the list as well. Use a numbered list to display complete sentences or paragraphs in a series (e.g., itemized conclusions, steps in a procedure). Numbered lists are covered in Section 6.51 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition. Lists that don’t have an order or rank of items should be presented in bulleted lists, not numbered ones, according to the APA. Follow one of the examples below when presenting your materials. Choose one of three methods: paraphrase completely, format the list as a block quote pulled verbatim from the source, or quote individual passages. Numbered List. Begin a new line with each subsequent number, indenting 1/2 inch from the left margin. For a student paper, this only includes the page number. For journal articles, these are replaced with the journal title, volume number, issue number and page number. Even when lists are cited, they must still be . On that page, you are walked through the process of deciding whether a numbered, lettered, or bulleted list is most appropriate. Numbered lists are helpful to identify the organization of information, such as "itemized conclusions” or “steps in a procedure" (APA, 2020, p. 190). According to the APA Style Blog (linked below), you treat a direct quote that is a list as a block quote. If your information does not fit into either of these examples, consider using bullet points or writing the information in prose. Later, she served as an editor for the "Business Law Journal." Ask your professor for her preference for numbered lists. Paraphrasing and Quoting: Bulleted and Numbered Lists . To include material that involves a hierarchy or chronology, use a numbered list. Select the option for an Arabic numeral followed by a period but not enclosed in or followed by parentheses. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. A block quote is indented ".5 with no quotation marks. Use a colon to introduce it. Numbers are followed by periods and are not in parentheses. The word References should appear in bold in upper and lower case and be centred at the top of the page Once you choose the type of list you want to use, pages describing correct formatting for each type are linked above. This sentence explains a second element. If you choose to present the material in the text of a paragraph, you may use letters instead of numbers for each section. Use numbered lists when you're dealing with items in sequence or in relative importance, because numbers suggest hierarchy. This sentence explains one element. Visual: Lists: Seriation. The running headis a sh… A new citing format for DOI was introduced by APA in March 2017. Just make sure to continue to use double spacing and make sure that the use of numbering adds clarity to the content. Indent each numbered line as if it were a new paragraph. ... A colon is also appropriate if the list that follows will be numbered or will establish a priority order. 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