The convoy, made up of contingents from Halifax, Sydney and Bermuda was led by Commodore HH Rogers RNR in Tregarthen. As it was, there was a period during the winter of 1942-43 when the Germans came close to cutting the North Atlantic lifeline. The Convoy: 60 ships: First sighting: On 10 Mar 1943 by U-336: Escorts: The British escort group A3 consisting of the British destroyers Harvester (Cdr Tait) and Escapade, the Polish destroyers Garland and Burza, the British corvettes Narcissus and Orchis and the Free French corvettes Aconit, Renoncule and Roselys. This is the order of battle during the battle around convoys HX 229 and SC 122 from 16 to 20 March 1943.Allied forcesConvoy HX 229* Abraham Lincoln (flag), Antar * Belgian Gulf * Canadian Star, Cape Breton, City of Agra, Clan Matheson,… Patrolling aircraft restricted the ability of submarines to converge on convoys during daylight. A further 34 ships which should have been included were delayed due to congestion at New York; they sailed the following day as HX 229A. All attacks on both convoys were repelled this night, and six firm contacts were attacked but little damage was inflicted. Convoy escorted by B-4 Group CDR ECL Day RN. This allowed them to position wolf packs in the way of HX 229, which was following a similar course. Ordering and viewing options This record has not been digitised and cannot be downloaded. The battle around convoys HX 229 and SC 122 occurred during March 1943 in the Battle of the Atlantic, and was the largest convoy battle of World War II. … HX 229. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. HX 229 gradually advances on another convoy, a slow convoy, SC 112, which left from New York. Had the convoy link between North America and Britain been broken, the course of World War II would have been different. You can order records in advance to be ready for you when you visit Kew. HX 229 was also eastbound and sailed from New York on 8 March, with 40 ships and the local escort. The Critical Convoy Battles of March 1943Rohwer, Jürgen, Geleitzugschlachten im März 1943Rohwer, Jürgen. The ocean escort was B4 Escort Group from St John's, of four destroyers and a corvette. HX 212 suffered the heaviest loss of any HX convoy in 1942. It passed through Raubgraf's rake in the night of 15/16 March without being sighted because of bad weather. SC 122, with 42 remaining ships, arrived later the same day. * U-boats that fired torpedo or used the deck gun. B5 Escort Group consisted of eight warships, led by Commander RC Boyle in the destroyer HMS Havelock, the destroyer USS Upshur, the River-class frigate HMS Swale, the Flower-class corvettes Buttercup, Godetia, Lavender, Pimpernel and Saxifrage, and a trawler as rescue vessel. The cartoon bug appeared in press adverts and poster campaigns as … Convoys HX 229/SC 122 order of battle This is the order of battle during the battle around convoys HX 229 and SC 122 from 16 to 20 March 1943. During the Battle of the Atlantic, British merchant shipping was formed into convoys for protection against German submarine attack. At this time, convoys SC.122 (slow) and HX.229 (fast) set out from New York, with a third HX.229A split off due to the sheer number of freighters and tankers: 141 ships carrying 920,000 tons of vital cargo (fuel, meat and other food, timber, minerals, steel, gunpowder, lorries, locomotives, invasion barges, aircraft, tanks...) and 1,000 passengers. A westerly gale gave speed to SC 122, which passed through Raubgrafs patrol area on the morning of 15 March just 24 hours before the patrol line was formed. He saw in this an opportunity to attack an east-bound convoy, full of war materials bound for Europe, with the full width of the Air Gap to cross. Dönitz immediately ordered Raubgraf to pursue and intercept, while Stürmer and Dränger were ordered west to form a line ahead of the convoy. Also en route from Hvalfjord, in Iceland, were the destroyers HMS Vimy and USS Babbitt, for HX 229, and the US Coast Guard cutter USCGC Ingham for SC 122. Additional notes by Arnold Hague and co-workers for convoy HX.229A: WLE(S) 24.18.4 SOE USS COWIE, WLE(N) 24.18.1 SOE ST CLAIR, OCEAN 40EG SOE ABERDEEN, ICELAND ESCORT USS BIBB: NOTE REINFORCED WLE(S), NORANDA REMAINED WITH WLE(N) FROM WLE(S) & ESCORTED LADY RODNEY FROM 14.3 TO ST JOHN'S NF: ABERDEEN SUFFERED ICE DAMAGE 19.3.43 : COMMODORE: Capt D A … Together, they contain nearly 100 merchant ships. Arnold Hague's … Attacked in March 1943, this action, which converged with the action around SC 122, was the largest convoy battle of the Atlantic campaign. These were dispatched on the morning of 18 March, and arrived the following day. Just better. The ocean escort was B4 Escort Group from St John's, of four destroyers and a corvette. Admiral Karl Dönitz, commanding the U-Boat fleet, directed Raubgraf to intercept, forming a new rake to the west. Convoys HX 229/SC 122. Slower vessels were routed in the SC series … To install click the Add extension button. [7] Also during March nine U-boats were destroyed in the Atlantic, and more were damaged, leading to a hiatus in U-boat operations during April. Arnold Hague : The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945 (2000). HX 229 was also eastbound, and sailed from New York on 8 March, with 40 ships and the local escort. Title: Robber Baron (Convoy HX-229) Historical: Yes (Search Convoy HX-229) Date: March, 18 1943, 19:00 Wolfpack (Gruppe): Raubgraf Location: North Atlantic. During the same … After sending a sighting report she attacked, sinking four ships in quick succession. HX 229, a fast convoy totalling 38 ships, departed three days later. J Dalison in HMS Aberdeen. The escorts chased 3 contacts during the night but with no result. The Allied Ultra intelligence, which decrypted German messages enciphered using the Enigma machine and which had helped the Admiralty to divert convoys away from wolf packs, had been "blinded" on 10 March 1943 as the result of the Germans bringing in a new short weather report. With just five warships to protect 40 ships, the escort group has limited capability. They absorbed the BHX convoys from Bermuda en route. Ships hit from convoy HX-229 77 convoys on route HX were hit by U-boats in the war. You may have to zoom out to see all data.Left click to zoom-in and right-click to zoom out. Read more about them. Approximate convoy routes are shown in a red line. Taking a more northerly route than HX 229, the convoy remained undetected by German patrol lines and made a safe and timely landfall on 26 March. It can also be used in non-military sense, for example when driving through remote areas. However, they had failed to interrupt the North Atlantic convoy route to any extent; 68 ships (two-thirds of those involved) made a safe and timely arrival, and the 38 ships of HX 229A, which had been detached at New York to cross separately, arrived unscathed. Read more about them. This resulted in the British code breakers being starved of the cribs necessary to break "Shark", the cipher used by the German U-Boats. (Described at item level). As it was, there was a period during the winter of 1942-43 when the Germans came close to cutting the North Atlantic lifeline. The battle was undoubtedly a success for the Germans. A further 34 ships which should have been included were delayed due to congestion at New York; they sailed the following day as HX 229A. The HX convoys were a series of North Atlantic convoys which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War. On 6 March, off Cape Cod, two ships put back to New York due to heavy weather, and on 8 March, another six abandoned the crossing, and put into Halifax. Both convoys picked up their transatlantic escort from St. John’s off Cape Race on March 13 and 14th, respectively, and headed for Liverpool. The German B-Dienst signals intelligence group, had given notice of an east-bound convoy and by 8pm on 13 March had a location for SC 122. During March, there was a series of fierce convoy battles which became, for the Allies, the crisis point of the whole campaign. HX 229 Convoy HX 229 departed New York on 8 March 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 23. The first couple of days were uneventful but on the morning of March 16th, U-653 sighted HX 229, and sent a sighting report to U-boat Command. A Royal Navy report later concluded "It appeared possible that we should not be able to regard convoy as an effective system of defence".[5]. 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